Hacker dan Cracker

Dalam kehidupan sehari - hari. Sering terdengar istilah Hacker dan Cracker. Apa sih bedanya Hacker dan Cracker? Dalam masayarakat hacker dan cracker dipandang sebagai orang yang sama dan berbau negatif.
Padahal dalam kenyataannya seorang HACKER merupakan pahlawan zaman sedangkan seorang CRACKER adalah perusak.
Mengapa demikian? Dalam aktifitas jaringan komputer ada dua bentuk aktifitas yaitu HACKING dan CRACKING.
Hacking adalah usaha memasuki sebuah jaringan komputer dengan maksud menelusuri ataupun mencari kelemahan sistem jaringan, dimana pelakunya disebut hacker. Internet berkembang karena jasa seorang hacker.
Sedangkan Cracking adalah usaha memasuki secara ilegal sebuah jaringan dengan maksud mencuri, mengubah atau menghancurkan data atau file yang disimpan di komputer yang ada di jaringan tersebut, pelakunya disebut Cracker. Dengan demikian dapat kita pahami bahwa seorang hacker merusak jaringan komputer untuk atau dalam rangka memperbaiki guna kepentingan bersama sedangkan cracker merusak jaringan komputer dalam rangka pemenuhan kepentingan private.

dikutip dari : Toto Raharjo

3 komentar:

    Taken From: http://www.elfqrin.com/docs/HackerStages.htm

    A human being who aims to become a hacker will typically pass through these stages:

    1. Mundane person
    He basically doesn't know anything about the hacking scene, even if he may have a computer and Internet access. The only things he knows about hackers is that they break computer systems and are criminals. Some of them write for the newspapers.

    2. Lamer
    One who confuses the hacking scene with different realities such as the warez scene. He has a very poor knowdlege of the whole thing, and try to impress mundane people with big words. His greatest achievement is to put a trojan (wrote by someone else, and of which he is totally clueless about how it works) in someone else's computer during an IRC or ICQ chat and delete their files.
    People that succeed in becoming hackers usually pass this stage very quickly, or might skip it at all.

    3. Wannabe
    A Wannabe hacker found out that hacking is much more than breaking into someone else's computer and it's rather a philosophy, or a way of life. He just wants to know more, and starts to read hacking tutorials, and searches the Net for serious hacking-related stuff.

    4. Larva
    Also referred as Newbie, a hacker in his larval stage learns the basic techniques of hacking, discovers his firsts exploits, and might try to break into someone else's system, just to make sure he figured how to do that. However, at this stage he knows he shouldn't damage the system nor delete anything, if it's not strictly necessary to cover his tracks.

    5. Hacker
    It is hard to say when the final stage of hacker has been reached, since there's always something new to learn and to discover (for collecting information and exploring the boundaries is the same essence of a hacker), but it's probably more something you feel. After all, being a hacker is more a state of mind, and if you are not born hacker, you'll never be such.

    Special skills:
    A hacker may achieve great experience and skills in a specific field or subject (such as an operating system or an application), and get the following titles:

    1. Wizard
    One who has a very great knowledge about a certain subject.

    2. Guru
    He knows about everything about a certain subject, including undocumented features, and developed some tricks to go over its supposed limits. If the subject is an application, he probably knows more about it than its creators.

    Other characters of the hacking scene:

    * Dark-side hacker
    This term derives from George Lucas' "Star Wars". A Dark-side hacker, just like Darth Vader, is "seduced by the dark side of the Force". It has nothing to do with the common idea of "good" and "bad", but it's closer to the idea of "legal" and "chaotic" in Dungeons&Dragons: a Dark-side hacker has the same skills of any hacker, but his "dark" mind makes him a dangerous element for the whole community.

    * Malicious hacker
    One who damages someone else's system for pure stupidity or evilness, with nothing to gain from his actions.

    There are still some more characters -- such as crackers and warez d00dz -- that could be considered as side characters of the hacking scene.

  2. wah2...
    Rasane kok... kamu bener2 pingin jadi hacker ya han>.< hahahahahaha>.< GG
    Ati2 sama Trojan loh. hahahaha.

  3. wkaka, gk jd si Trojan,...
    Mony sih bs, tp ya sptny gk dl, gk skr^^,..... aih2